EnglishLearners (ELs) have varying levels of English language proficiency (ELP), a variety of educational experience, and one or more home language/s and culture/s. EL support is tailored to individual student need based on his/her grade level and ELP level (known as DPI Level). Effective EL programs result in increased access to core instruction and increased English proficiency. The following examples describe different types of EL support:
Instruction in the General Education Classroom with EL and Home Language Support
This type of service delivery is offered to students who are English Learners at all grade levels and at varying levels of English language development. Assistance may be offered in specific content areas or in instructional areas, such as literacy. This support is provided in a general education setting by a certified English Learner (EL) teacher or a certified Bilingual Resource Teacher (BRT) in collaboration with the general education teacher. A Bilingual Resource Specialist (BRS) can provides primary language and cultural support while working closely with EL families, serving as an interpreter, translator, and cultural broker. This support helps students access grade level the content, skills, vocabulary and academic language to be successful in school.
EL Academic Content Class
These classes are for students who have newly arrived to the U.S. or are in the early stages of developing English, and are designed to help students increase their English skills and learn academic topics at the same time. In these classes, all students are ELs and are taught subjects such as math, science, social studies and/or language arts, by EL certified teachers.Teachers adjust the level and quantity of English so students can access the materials. EL Academic Content classes only make up a portion of the student's day; students also attend classes with other native English speaking students, so they are a part of the school community and they continue to develop English from others. EL Academic Content classes occur mainly at the secondary level.
Before EL students graduate from EL and bilingual education programs, they are monitored for two years. Monitor-status students have tested at an advanced level of English ability and are no longer in EL programs and are fully integrated into the general education curriculum. The EL and bilingual teachers closely watch the student’s academic growth and work with the general education teachers to see how the student is doing. EL and bilingual staff also help classroom teachers to learn ways for teaching ELs. After two years, if students have had academic success, they leave EL programming and no longer need to be tested on their English abilities each year.